Cumin is a fragrant seed which its plant resembles a carrot bush. Cumin’s leaves are 20 to 30 cm and the plant height is about 50 cm. Its fruit (incorrectly called seed) is two millimeters in size with crescent-shaped and has 5 prominent lines. Cumin is available in two types of green cumin (scientific name: Cuminum cyminum) and black cumin (scientific name: Carum carvil).
(Cuminum cyminum): This type of cumin is found both in cultivation and self growth. In Iran, there is a type of cumin cultivation, which is one of the main components of curry powder and is used to enhance the taste of foods. It has also been used in traditional medicine for many years.
Nutrients in a tablespoon of cumin:
- Calories: 22
- Protein: 1 g
- Carbohydrates: 3 grams
- Sugar: zero grams
- Fat: 1 gram
- Cholesterol: zero grams
- Sodium: 10 mg
- Dietary fiber: 1 g
- Iron: 4 mg (22% DV)
- Calcium: 56 mg (6% DV)
- Phosphorus: 30 mg (3% DV)
- Potassium: 107 mg (3% DV)
- Magnesium: 22 mg (5% DV)
- Zinc: 0.3 mg (2% DV)
- Copper: 0.1 mg (3% DV)
- Thiamine: 0.1 mg (1% DV)
- Niacin: 0.3 mg (1% DV)
- Vitamin A: 76 international units (2% DV)
- Vitamin C: 0.5 mg (1% DV)
- Vitamin E: 0.2 mg (1% DV)
- Riboflavin: 0.1 mg (1% DV)
- Manganese: 0.2 mg (10% DV)
Green cumin nature
Green cumin has a warm and dry nature. This plant is rich in iron, calcium, magnesium, fiber, antioxidants and vitamin A.
Amount and method of cumin consumption
The best amount of cumin consumption as a herbal supplement is 300 to 600 mg per day. This wonderful spice is used to better flavor soups, stews, salads, tacos and rice flavors. Due to the warm nature of this spice, it is used to relieve the cold of rice. In addition, cumin seeds are used to make tea and herbal tea, cumin oil and herbal essence, and cumin supplements are also available in the market.
Properties and benefits of cumin
Treatment of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids or constipation are usually caused by increased pressure on the arteries of the anus and rectum in the body, which causes inflation, pain and bleeding. 75% of people have experienced hemorrhoids at some point of their life. High fiber cumin naturally stimulates the digestive system, improves digestion and treats hemorrhoids. In addition to the anti fungal and antimicrobial properties of cumin, its seeds treat infections caused by hemorrhoids. Cumin prevents gas formation in the digestive system to help digesting food. It also has properties that are very useful in combating bloating, which can lead to stomach pain and abdominal pain and pressure.
Helps to digest
Cumin contains compounds that stimulate the glands responsible for the secretion of acids, bile and enzymes that lead to better digestion of food in the stomach and intestines.
Strengthens the immune system
Cumin contains vitamin C and its use as a spice strengthens the immune system. This vitamin is very useful for people who have a weak immune system due to stress. Adequate intake of vitamin C is an ideal way to improve the general health of the body. Eating foods containing this vitamin is very effective in lowering blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke, and improving oxidative stress that leads to cancer.
Cumin is an effective treatment for slimming and losing weight. To reduce excess weight and fat, cumin seeds or herbal essence can be. In one study, 80 overweight women were divided into cumin and diet control groups. The first group had to consume cumin daily and the second group had to control their diet. In the end, it was found that the cumin group had a significant weight loss compared to the other group. Cumin through increasing speed of metabolism and improving the digestion cause to burn calories quickly in the body. With a healthy digestive system and a fast metabolism, body weight loses automatically. Cumin contains an active ingredient called thymoquinone. This natural chemical ingredient has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that help to lose the body weight. Thymoquinone through improving free radicals, clears toxins from the body. It keeps down the amount of blood suger through helping the body’s cells to respond to the insulin and glucose.
Vitamin E in cumin helps to strengthen the capillary wall in the skin as an antioxidant and improves skin moisture and elasticity. For this reason, cumin acts as a natural anti-aging substance. According to studies, vitamin E helps to keep the body and skin healthy and youthful by reducing inflammation. This vitamin also accelerates the healing process of the skin. By increasing the speed of cell regeneration, cumin can be used to treat wounds, acne and wrinkles.
When the skin contacts with cigarette smoke and ultraviolet rays (sunlight), the antioxidants in cumin protect the skin against cancer. In addition, cumin is useful in treating the symptoms of eczema and acne. Cumin has anti fungal and antibacterial properties that prevent skin infections.
How to use cumin for losing weight
There are several methods that can be used to reduce weight by cumin.
1. Cumin herbal essence
By using cumin herbal essence, you can benefit from many properties such as losing weight and slimming. This herbal essence is rich in fiber, which reduces appetite and increases the body’s metabolism. Daily consumption of a cup of cumin herbal essence is recommended to achieve the desired result. Cumin herbal essence can be consumed with a spoonful of natural honey. The best way to consume cumin herbal essence is half an hour before a meal.
2. Cumin powder and yogurt
Another way to use cumin for losing weight is to use cumin powder with a teaspoon of yogurt. Use this combination for 15 days after each meal to see the desired results.
3. Cumin seeds
Cumin seeds can be used for losing weight. In this method, soak 2 tablespoons of cumin seeds in water for 5-6 hours or an overnight. Then, boil the seeds and filter them. In the next step, by adding lemon juice to this drink, it can be consumed. Drink this with empty stomach for 2 weeks.
4. Cumin herbal tea
People who like to drink herbal tea and want to lose weight can use cumin tea. Add cumin powder to a cup of boiling water and add a little salt to have a better taste. Drink this tea for 20 days after meal.
The compounds in cumin have anti-inflammatory and inhibitory effects. But the element that created this effect has not yet been discovered by researchers.
cumin has antimicrobial properties that reduce the risk of foodstuffs infections, so it is one of the traditional roles of cumin for food safety. Some cumin compounds reduce the growth of food bacteria and certain types of fungi. Becomes infected. Cumin is also useful in reducing the drug resistance of some bacteria.
Stress and depression
Some researches have shown that cumin is very useful in reducing stress and treating depression due to its high antioxidant content.
Treats respiratory disorders
Cumin seeds act as an excretory and anticoagulant ingredients that help to destroy the mucus by lungs. In addition, cumin is a stimulant and disinfectant. For example, in asthma, which is a respiratory complication that causes bronchial muscle spasm, inflation of the lungs, increased the mucus production and inability to breathe. Asthma is generally caused by infection, allergy, pollution, obesity, stress or lack of hormonal balance. Cumin is used as a natural remedy for this disease.
Cumin has the ability to stimulate the central nervous system, which leads to memory enhancement, brain function improvement and treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
Rich in iron
Iron is one of the most important nutrients for the body. The liver and bone marrow are able to store iron. Without existence of iron in the body, the primary cells in the muscles (myoglobin) are unable to store oxygen and as a result cannot have proper function, and lead to weaken muscles. The human brain needs oxygen to act properly. Lack of iron in the blood causes to get insufficient oxygen to the brain, which leads to weaken memory, reduce productivity and indifference. Therefore, eating iron-rich foods such as cumin can reduce the risk of cognitive disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, as well as prevent symptoms such as fatigue, anxiety, cognitive impairment and digestive problems.
Helps to leave consuming drugs
A study on mice has shown that cumin compounds cause to reduce addictive behaviors and symptoms. But this study on humans needs further investigation. Also, the next step in this type of study is to find a specific element that causes this effect in mice.
Insomnia is a common problem that many people have experienced. Some insomnia are long-term that may cause problems in human health. Stress, illness and pain are common symptoms of insomnia. The use of vitamins, especially vitamin B, is very effective in treating insomnia. Cumin helps to improve sleep quality due to its variety of vitamins.
Prevents of diabetes
Cumin seeds can help to prevent diabetes by reducing the risk of hypoglycemia or reducing blood sugar. Hypoglycemia can cause problems such as sweating, fragility, weakness, difficul talking, confusion, losing consciousness and seizures. People with diabetes or alcoholics are at higher risk for hypoglycemia than others.
According to studies in 2006, the ingredients in cumin seeds may be useful as a new element to treat diabetes.
Antiviral and antibacterial
Cumin is effective in treating viral infections and diseases such as the flu and colds. This herb is even useful for improving bacteria that are commonly found in the intestines of the elderlies and animals and some types of bacterias which can cause severe abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea and vomiting.
Properties of cumin for men
We must say that cumin has anti-inflammatory, enhances sexual potency, increases sweating and urination and heals wounds properties. There is many Plant hormones, especially high female hormones in the cumin leaves, stems and roots. Therefore, it helps to increase women’s sexual desire and reduce this desire in men. Massaging the facial skin with cumin juice weakens and eliminates excess beard and facial hair.
Prevention of cancer
Cumin has anticoagulant properties due to the presence of vitamins C and A. Vitamin strengthens the immune system and prevents oxidative stress, which helps to treat different types of sultanas. Studies in 2007 show that cumin increases the consumption of vitamin A and may reduce the risk of developing sore throat. Cumin is also rich in antioxidants that are able to use cancer proliferating cells. Researches on mice have shown mice that have fed cumin have a lower risk of developing colon cancer.
Improves the blood cholesterol
Clinical studies have shown that cumin reduces the blood cholesterol. In one study, 75 mg of cumin was consumed twice a day for eight weeks and eventually was found to reduce unhealthy blood triglycerides. In other cases there was “bad” LDL cholesterol through consuming cumin, LDL cholesterol has decreased in less than a month by 10%.
The body needs calcium for transmiting neuro, secreting hormone, contracting muscle and lowering blood pressure. Eating calcium-rich foods, such as cumin is very important for teens and people in their early 20s. Because at this age, the body is fully formed bone mass. Increasing bone mass also reduces the risk of osteoporosis.
Increases urination and detoxification
Subsoil substances such as cuminaldehyde, thymol and phosphorus are good detoxifiers. Phosphorus helps excrete urine and is important for function. All in all the excretion of toxins in the body through urine, organic molecules that are too much, causes the blood to be removed. In order to balance the levels of uric acid, sodium, water and fat in the body, all and other digestive organs need electrolytes such as phosphorus, potassium and magnesium.
Other properties of cumin
- Has a special property for Shirazi mothers during lactation
- Cumin is anti-tumor, anti-bile, antibacterial and antiseptic.
- The tail has a useful cumin to relieve indigestion
- Use a mixture of cumin and honey to relieve pain
- Use cumin tea to treat bronchitis
- Relieve bloating and heartburn in children. For this purpose, mix a few drops of cumin essential oil with almond oil and massage the baby’s abdomen with it.
- To remove urinary drops, fry the cumin and eat it with water after beating.
- Cumin has anti-fertility and anti-abortion properties.
- To eliminate bloating in the intestines and stomach, you can brew cumin and purify it.